CEF Strength in France; 1918
The Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs, 1918; by J. Castell Hopkins, FSS, FRGS, pub. Toronto, 1919.
At the beginning of 1918 the Canadian forces in France numbered 140,000 and the 4 Divisions were well up to strength; during the year and until Nov. 30th, reinforcements were sent from England totalling 4,381 officers, 316 Nursing Sisters who ranked as officers, and 76,875 of other ranks at the close of the year (Dec 31st ) there were 6,645 officers and 138,394 of other ranks in France compared with a total for officers and men on Dec. 31st, 1917, of 140,680, in 1916 of 108,703, in 1915 of 52,394.
The total Forces at the beginning of 1918 and at its close were divided as follows:
- Infantry, 65,812 and 51,828;
- Artillery, 18,211 and 18,983;
- Cavalry, 2,717 and 2,832;
- Engineers, 7,554 and 19,083;
- Army Service Corps (C.A.S.C.) 5,368 and 5,890;
- Army Medical Corps (C.A.M.C.) 5,508 and 6,567;
- Railway Corps, 13,378 and 13,334;
- Forestry Corps, 9,434 and 11,510;
- Other Arms 11,728 and 17,062.
As to Casualties, the totals for 1914-18, inclusive, were as follows:
- killed in action or died of wounds, 50,869;
- died from other causes, 4,030;
- missing, 8,119;
- prisoners of war, 2,818;
- wounded 149,709.
The total of all casualties was 215,545.
(Footnoted: Of the Missing 7,405 were accounted for up to Dec. 31st, 1918.)