The Minute Book
Wednesday, 28 August 2013

The Kiska Regiments, then and now
Topic: Perpetuation


In August 1943, the 13th Canadian Infantry Brigade, of the 6th Canadian Division, participated in the combined US-Canadian force that assaulted the Island of Kiska in the Aleutians.

Taking place three months after the US forces assaulted the island of Attu, where casualties totalled 25% of the attacking force, Kiska was not expected to be any easier to defeat. The attack on Kiska, as it happened, met empty shores and vacant barracks and gun emplacements. The Japanese had managed to evacuate the island only two weeks before the assault, slipping through the picketing warships amidst in heavy for and rough seas.

But for the Japanese forces' luck in escaping the closing trap, Canadians might know of Kiska with the same sense of tragedy that we remember of the battles at Hong Kong and Dieppe.


The Kiska Regiments, then and now

 

The Canadian Army at Kiska; August 1943The Kiska Regiments Today
9th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment Nil
19th Field RegimentNil
20th Field Regiment (shared with the 7th Canadian Infantry Division)20th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
21st Field Regiment21st Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
24th Field Regiment (shared with the 7th Canadian Infantry Division)24th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
25th Field Regiment56th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
13th Canadian Infantry Brigade
The Canadian Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)The Royal Canadian Regiment
The Winnipeg GrenadiersThe Winnipeg Grenadiers (Reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 28 February 1965.)
The Rocky Mountain RangersThe Rocky Mountain Rangers
Le Régiment de HullLe Régiment de Hull
24th Field Regiment, RCA24th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
46th Light AA Battery, RCANil
24th Field Company, RCENil
1 Company, St. John Fusiliers (M.G.)The Royal New Brunswick Regiment

 


Regimental badges of the Kiska Force, as displayed at The Royal Canadian Regiment Museum.

 

 

Canadian Army Battle Honours


Posted by regimentalrogue at 12:01 AM EDT
Updated: Tuesday, 23 July 2013 10:55 PM EDT
Monday, 11 March 2013

Perpetuation and Coming Commemorations – Follow the Lineage
Topic: Perpetuation

(Or: "How One Regiment Could be Fighting in Three Places at Once")

The following regiments of the Canadian Army perpetuate more than one fighting unit of the infantry or machine gun corps of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. In many significant battles of the First World War, which these regiment's forebears won battlefield honours, they (and, hopefully, the organizers of commemorative events) will have to trace the actions of each perpetuated unit to fully develop an understanding the the roles of the soldiers they now honour in perpetuation. This may lead to some modern units standing in representation of more than one unit of the CEF during the Great War centennial years.

Notably, in each case, the various perpetuations are spread between Brigades and Division of the Corps, and the individual unit actions may, in some cases, be well separated in location and time. This can produce the appearance of inconsistencies when the detailed background is not well understood. For example, The Royal Canadian Regiment (The RCR), which itself reached France in November 1915, could find itself at events celebrating the battle of the summer of 1915. This is because it also perpetuates the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion, a unit of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division that did reach the battlefields in early 1915 and won honours there now carried by The RCR in their memory.

First, some nomenclature:

  • Cdn Inf Bn – Canadian Infantry Battalion
  • Cdn Inf Bde – Canadian Infantry Battalion
  • Cdn Inf Div – Canadian Infantry Division
  • CMGC – Canadian Machine Gun Corps

Regiments with Multiple Perpetuations of CEF Combat Units

The Royal Winnipeg Rifles

The Royal Canadian Regiment

The Black Watch of Canada (Royal Highland Regiment)

The Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)

The North Saskatchewan Regiment

The Nova Scotia Highlanders

The Victoria Rifles of Canada (reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 5 Mar 1965)

  • 24th Cdn Inf Bn / 5th Cdn Inf Bde / 2nd Cdn Inf Div
  • 60th Cdn Inf Bn / 9th Cdn Inf Bde / 3rd Cdn Inf Div

Why are the Division identifiers in different Colours? In the First World War, the soldiers of the Canadian Expeditionary Force wore distinctive shoulder flashes that, to a practiced eye, identified the soldier by his division, brigade and battalion. See this post for a brief explanation of the shoulder flash system.

Researching Canadian Soldiers of the First World War


Posted by regimentalrogue at 12:01 AM EDT
Updated: Sunday, 27 April 2014 5:48 PM EDT
Friday, 15 February 2013

Perpetuating Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force
Topic: Perpetuation

Shoulder flashes of the 1st Canadian Infantry BrigadeAt the end of the First World War, the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was disbanded, and many of its units faded into history, their memory and the heritage of their battlefield achievements transferring to units of the Canadian Militia, both Permanent Force (P.F. - now the Regular Force) and the Non-Permanent Active Militia (N.P.A.M.; now the Reserves). This transfer of history and heritage was made possible by the creation of a uniquely Canadian process labeled perpetuation.

As a result of perpetuation and the blending of unit histories through evolving oral narratives (because not everyone studies the detail of their unit histories) many Canadians, including many who have served in the Canadian Army, do not well understand the links between today's Regiments and the units of the CEF. With the rapidly approached centennial of the First World War, Canadians can expect to see commemorative events held both in Canada and abroad. When these events are to be linked to the actions of each of the Infantry Divisions of the CEF, it is essential to understand which modern regiments should be standing in place of the CEF battalions that fought on the battlefields of France and Flanders.

The following tables show the alignment of the divisional organizations of the CEF to today's perpetuating regiments.

The Perpetuating Units of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division, CEF

1st Cdn Inf Bde
• 1st Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Canadian Regiment
• 2nd Cdn Inf BnThe Governor General's Foot Guards
• 3rd Cdn Inf BnThe Queen's Own Rifles of CanadaThe Royal Regiment of Canada.
• 4th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)
2nd Cdn Inf Bde
• 5th Cdn Inf BnThe North Saskatchewan Regiment
• 7th Cdn Inf BnThe British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) (RCAC)
• 8th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Winnipeg Rifles
• 10th Cdn Inf BnThe Calgary HighlandersThe Royal Winnipeg Rifles.
3rd Cdn Inf Bde
• 13th Cdn Inf BnThe Black Watch of Canada (Royal Highland Regiment)
• 14th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Montreal Regiment
• 15th Cdn Inf Bn48th Highlanders of Canada.
• 16th Cdn Inf BnThe Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
1st Bn CMGCThe Irish Regiment of Canada

The Perpetuating Units of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, CEF

4th Cdn Inf Bde
• 18th Cdn Inf BnThe Essex and Kent Scottish.
• 19th Cdn Inf BnThe Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)
• 20th Cdn Inf BnThe Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)
• 21st Cdn Inf BnThe Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
5th Cdn Inf Bde
• 22nd Cdn Inf BnRoyal 22e Regiment
• 24th Cdn Inf BnNIL (was The Victoria Rifles of Canada.)
• 25th Cdn Inf BnThe Nova Scotia Highlanders
• 26th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal New Brunswick Regiment
6th Cdn Inf Bde
• 27th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Winnipeg Rifles
• 28th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Regina Rifles
• 29th Cdn Inf BnThe British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) (RCAC)
• 31st Cdn Inf BnThe South Alberta Light Horse
2nd Bn CMGCThe Royal Canadian Regiment

The Perpetuating Units of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, CEF

7th Cdn Inf Bde
• The RCRThe Royal Canadian Regiment
• PPCLIPrincess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
• 42nd Cdn Inf BnThe Black Watch of Canada (Royal Highland Regiment)
• 49th Cdn Inf BnThe Loyal Edmonton Regiment (4th Bn, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry)
8th Cdn Inf Bde
• 1st CMRThe North Saskatchewan Regiment
• 2nd CMRThe British Columbia Dragoons
• 4th CMRThe Governor General's Horse Guards
• 5th CMRThe Sherbrooke Hussars
9th Cdn Inf Bde
• 43rd Cdn Inf BnThe Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada
• 52nd Cdn Inf BnThe Lake Superior Scottish Regiment.
• 58th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Regiment of Canada.
• 60th Cdn Inf BnNIL (was The Victoria Rifles of Canada.)
• 116th Cdn Inf BnThe Ontario Regiment (RCAC)
3rd Bn CMGCThe Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)

The Perpetuating Units of the 4th Canadian Infantry Division, CEF

10th Cdn Inf Bde
• 44th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Winnipeg Rifles
• 46th Cdn Inf BnThe Saskatchewan Dragoons
• 47th Cdn Inf BnThe Royal Westminster Regiment
• 50th Cdn Inf BnThe King's Own Calgary Regimant (RCAC)
11th Cdn Inf Bde
• 54th Cdn Inf BnNIL
• 75th Cdn Inf BnThe Toronto Scottish
• 87th Cdn Inf BnThe Canadian Grenadier Guards.
• 102nd Cdn Inf BnNIL (was Irish Fusiliers)
12th Cdn Inf Bde
• 38th Cdn Inf BnThe Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa.
• 72nd Cdn Inf BnThe Seaforth Highlanders of Canada.
• 73rd Cdn Inf BnThe Black Watch of Canada (Royal Highland Regiment)
• 78th Cdn Inf BnNIL (was The Winnipeg Grenadiers)
• 85th Cdn Inf BnThe Nova Scotia Highlanders
4th Bn CMGC50th Field Artillery Regiment (The Prince of Wales Rangers), RCA

Corps Troops

1st Cdn M.M. Gun BdeThe Royal Canadian Hussars

Researching Canadian Soldiers of the First World War


Posted by regimentalrogue at 1:47 PM EST
Updated: Sunday, 24 April 2016 4:11 PM EDT

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